SOLUTION OF THE MULTIDIMENSIONAL DIFFUSION EQUATION USING LIE SYMMETRIES: SIMULATION OF POLLUTANT DISPERSION IN THE ATMOSPHERE
Several analytical, numerical and hybrid methods are being used to solve diffusion and diffusion advection problems. In this work, a closed form solution of the three-dimensional diffusion advection equation in a Cartesian coordinate system is obtained by applying rules, based on the Lie symmetries, to manipulate the exponential of the differential operators that appear in its formal solution. There are many advantages of applying these rules: the increase in processing velocity so that the solution may be obtained in real time, the reduction in the amount of memory required to perform the necessary tasks in order to obtain the solution, since the analytical expressions can be easily manipulated in post-processing and also the discretization of the domain may not be necessary in some cases, avoiding the use of mean values for some parameters involved. These rules yield good results when applied to obtain solutions for problems in fluid mechanics and in quantum mechanics. In order to show the performance of the method, a one-dimensional scenario of the pollutant dispersion in a stable boundary layer is simulated, considering that the horizontal component of the velocity field is dominant and constant, disregarding the other components. The results are compared with data available in the literature.
diffusion advection equation; pollutant dispersion; Lie symmetries
Revista da Engenharia Térmica. ISSN: 1676-1790